Journal article

emm and C-Repeat Region Molecular Typing of Beta-Hemolytic Streptococci in a Tropical Country: Implications for Vaccine Development

Andrew C Steer, Graham Magor, Adam WJ Jenney, Joseph Kado, Michael F Good, David McMillan, Michael Batzloff, Jonathan R Carapetis

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2009

Abstract

We designed a study to investigate the molecular epidemiology of group A streptococcal (GAS) and group C and G streptococcal (GCS and GGS) disease in Fiji, a country which is known to have a high burden of streptococcal disease. Molecular typing of the N-terminal portion (emm typing) of the M protein was performed with 817 isolates (535 GAS and 282 GCS/GGS). We also performed genotyping of the C-repeat region in 769 of these isolates to identify J14 sequence types. The profile of emm types for Fiji was very different from that found for the United States and Europe. There were no dominant emm types and a large number of overlapping types among clinical disease states. Commonly found GAS emm ..

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