Journal article

Labels used by young people to describe mental disorders: factors associated with their development

Annemarie Wright, Anthony F Jorm

AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe the most common terms used to label mental disorders and examine how label use develops with age, and the factors that may mediate any of these developmental changes. Method: A national telephone survey was conducted with 2802 Australian young people aged 12 25 years and 1528 co-resident parents. Label use was assessed in response to one of three randomly assigned vignettes describing symptoms of depression, psychosis and social phobia. Results: Depression was correctly labelled twice as frequently as psychosis, whereas social phobia was rarely correctly labelled and most commonly labelled using lay terms. Use of accurate labels increas..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

Financial support was provided by the National Health and Medical Research Council, the Sidney Myer Health Fund, the Colonial Foundation and beyondblue: the national depression initiative. Amy Morgan, Claire Kelly, Robyn Langlands, Betty Kitchener and Len Kanowski had input into the survey content. Darren Pennay and Graham Challice from the Social Research Centre provided advice on survey methodology. Amy Morgan assisted with the data analysis and Kathryn Junor assisted in design of the figures.