Journal article

Effect of helix-promoting strategies on the biological activity of novel analogues of the B-chain of INSL3

Fazel Shabanpoor, Richard A Hughes, Suode Zhang, Ross AD Bathgate, Sharon Layfield, Mohammed Akhter Hossain, Geoffrey W Tregear, Frances Separovic, John D Wade

AMINO ACIDS | SPRINGER WIEN | Published : 2010

Abstract

Insulin-like 3 (INSL3) is a novel circulating peptide hormone that is produced by testicular Leydig cells and ovarian thecal and luteal cells. In males, INSL3 is responsible for testicular descent during foetal life and suppresses germ cell apoptosis in adult males, whereas in females, it causes oocyte maturation. Antagonists of INSL3 thus have significant potential clinical application as contraceptives in both males and females. Previous work has shown that the INSL3 receptor binding region is largely confined to the B-chain central alpha-helix of the hormone and a conformationally constrained analogue of this has modest receptor binding and INSL3 antagonist activity. In the present study,..

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