Journal article

Recent Caffeine Ingestion Reduces Adenosine Efficacy in the Treatment of Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia

Miguel S Cabalag, David McDonald Taylor, Jonathan C Knott, Paul Buntine, DeVilliers Smit, Alastair Meyer

ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE | WILEY | Published : 2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Caffeine, an adenosine receptor blocker, should theoretically reduce adenosine efficacy in the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). We aimed to determine the effect of recent caffeine ingestion on the likelihood of reversion of SVT with adenosine. METHODS: This was a multicenter, case-control study of adult patients with SVT treated with adenosine between September 2007 and July 2008. The primary endpoint was reversion to sinus rhythm (SR) after a 6-mg adenosine bolus, as a function of recent (within 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours) caffeine ingestion. Caffeine ingestion data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 68 patients enrolled, 52 ..

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