Journal article

Neostigmine but not sugammadex impairs upper airway dilator muscle activity and breathing

M Eikermann, S Zaremba, A Malhotra, AS Jordan, C Rosow, NL Chamberlin

BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cholinesterase inhibitor-based reversal agents, given in the absence of neuromuscular block, evoke a partial upper airway obstruction by decreasing skeletal upper airway muscle function. Sugammadex reverses neuromuscular block by encapsulating rocuronium. However, its effects on upper airway integrity and breathing are unknown. METHODS: Fifty-one adult male rats were anaesthetized with isoflurane, tracheostomized, and a femoral artery and vein were cannulated. First, we compared the efficacy of sugammadex 15 mg kg(-1) and neostigmine 0.06 mg kg(-1) to reverse respiratory effects of rocuronium-induced partial paralysis [train-of-four ratio (T4/T1)=0.5]. Subsequently, we compared t..

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