Journal article

Pharyngeal motor control and the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea

Amy S Jordan, David P White

RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY & NEUROBIOLOGY | ELSEVIER | Published : 2008

Abstract

The upper airway in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is thought to collapse during sleep at least in part, because of a sleep related reduction in upper airway dilator muscle activity. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the neural regulation of these muscles is warranted. The dilator muscles can be classified in two broad categories; those that have respiratory related activity and those that fire constantly throughout the respiratory cycle. The motor control of these two groups likely differs with the former receiving input from respiratory neurons and negative pressure reflex circuits. The activity of both muscle groups is reduced shortly after sleep onset, indicating t..

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