Journal article

The association of visuospatial working memory with dysthymic disorder in pre-pubertal children

T Franklin, A Lee, N Hall, S Hetrick, J Ong, N Haslam, F Karsz, A Vance

PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Visuospatial working memory (VSWM) deficits have not been investigated specifically in children with dysthymic disorder (DD), although they are associated with impairments in attention that commonly occur in DD. This study investigates VSWM impairment in children with DD. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of VSWM in 6- to 12-year-old children with medication-naive DD (n=26) compared to an age-, gender- and 'performance IQ' (PIQ)-matched healthy control group (n=28) was completed. RESULTS: The DD group demonstrated impairment in VSWM, including impairment in the spatial span and strategy components of VSWM. Furthermore, the VSWM impairment remained after controlling for spatial span..

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