Journal article

Cochlear implants and brain plasticity

James B Fallon, Dexter RF Irvine, Robert K Shepherd

HEARING RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

Cochlear implants have been implanted in over 110,000 deaf adults and children worldwide and provide these patients with important auditory cues necessary for auditory awareness and speech perception via electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve (AN). In 1942, Woolsey and Walzl presented the first report of cortical responses to localised electrical stimulation of different sectors of the AN in normal hearing cats, and established the cochleotopic organization of the projections to primary auditory cortex. Subsequently, individual cortical neurons in normal hearing animals have been shown to have well characterized input-output functions for electrical stimulation and decreasing response ..

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