Journal article

The diagnostic utility of multiple-level likelihood ratios

Stephen C Bowden, David W Loring

JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2009

Abstract

Clinicians are accustomed to interpreting diagnostic test scores in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Many clinicians also appreciate that sensitivity and specificity need to be interpreted in terms of local base rates (i.e., pretest probability). However, most neuropsychological tests contain a wide range of scores. Important diagnostic information may be sacrificed when valid test scores are reduced to the simple dichotomy of "positive" or "negative" diagnosis that underlies sensitivity and specificity analysis. The purpose of this study is to provide an introduction to multiple-level likelihood ratios, a method for preserving the information in a wider range of scores. These statistic..

View full abstract