Journal article

The joint influence of area income, income inequality, and immigrant density on adverse birth outcomes: a population-based study

Nathalie Auger, Julie Giraud, Mark Daniel

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH | BIOMED CENTRAL LTD | Published : 2009

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The association between area characteristics and birth outcomes is modified by race. Whether such associations vary according to social class indicators beyond race has not been assessed. METHODS: This study evaluated effect modification by maternal birthplace and education of the relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and birth outcomes of newborns from 1999-2003 in the province of Québec, Canada (N = 353,120 births). Areas (N = 143) were defined as administrative local health service delivery districts. Multi-level logistic regression was used to model the association between three area characteristics (median household income, immigrant density and income inequalit..

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