Journal article

Creation and Validation of a Visual Macroscopic Hematuria Scale for Optimal Communication and an Objective Hematuria Index

Lih-Ming Wong, Jia-Min Chum, Peter Maddy, Steven TF Chan, Douglas Travis, Nathan Lawrentschuk

JOURNAL OF UROLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2010

Abstract

PURPOSE: Macroscopic hematuria is a common symptom and sign that is challenging to quantify and describe. The degree of hematuria communicated is variable due to health worker experience combined with lack of a reliable grading tool. We produced a reliable, standardized visual scale to describe hematuria severity. Our secondary aim was to validate a new laboratory test to quantify hemoglobin in hematuria specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nurses were surveyed to ascertain current hematuria descriptions. Blood and urine were titrated at varying concentrations and digitally photographed in catheter bag tubing. Photos were processed and printed on transparency paper to create a prototype swatch ..

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