Journal article

DNA-binding-dependent androgen receptor signaling contributes to gender differences and has physiological actions in males and females

Helen E MacLean, Alison J Moore, Stephen A Sastra, Howard A Morris, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Kesha Rana, Anna-Maree Axell, Amanda J Notini, David J Handelsman, Ego Seeman, Jeffrey D Zajac, Rachel A Davey

JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY | BIOSCIENTIFICA LTD | Published : 2010

Abstract

We used our genomic androgen receptor (AR) knockout (ARKO) mouse model, in which the AR is unable to bind DNA to: 1) document gender differences between males and females; 2) identify the genomic (DNA-binding-dependent) AR-mediated actions in males; 3) determine the contribution of genomic AR-mediated actions to these gender differences; and 4) identify physiological genomic AR-mediated actions in females. At 9 weeks of age, control males had higher body, heart and kidney mass, lower spleen mass, and longer and larger bones compared to control females. Compared to control males, ARKO males had lower body and kidney mass, higher splenic mass, and reductions in cortical and trabecular bone. De..

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