Journal article

Effect of Surfactant Architecture on the Properties of Polystyrene-Montmorillonite Nanocomposites

Ranya Simons, Greg G Qiao, Clem E Powell, Stuart A Bateman

LANGMUIR | AMER CHEMICAL SOC | Published : 2010

Abstract

A series of surfactants were designed and synthesized for use as clay modification reagents to investigate the impact of their chemical structure on the nanocomposites morphology obtained following polymerization. The behavior of the surfactant-modified clays at three different stages were investigated: after ion exchange, following dispersion in styrene monomer, and once polymerization was complete. The propensity of the styrene monomer to swell the surfactant-modified clay was observed to be a useful indicator of compatibility and predictor of the resultant polystyrene nanocomposite morphology which was directly observed using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and cryogenic transmission ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers