Journal article

Determinants of Anemia Among Young Children in Rural India

Sant-Rayn Pasricha, James Black, Sumithra Muthayya, Anita Shet, Vijay Bhat, Savitha Nagaraj, NS Prashanth, H Sudarshan, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Arun S Shet



OBJECTIVE: More than 75% of Indian toddlers are anemic. Data on factors associated with anemia in India are limited. The objective of this study was to determine biological, nutritional, and socioeconomic risk factors for anemia in this vulnerable age group. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children aged 12 to 23 months in 2 rural districts of Karnataka, India. Children were excluded if they were unwell or had received a blood transfusion. Hemoglobin, ferritin, folate, vitamin B(12), retinol-binding protein, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined. Children were also tested for hemoglobinopathy, malaria infection, and hookworm infestation. Anthropometric measureme..

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