Determinants of Anemia Among Young Children in Rural India
Sant-Rayn Pasricha, James Black, Sumithra Muthayya, Anita Shet, Vijay Bhat, Savitha Nagaraj, NS Prashanth, H Sudarshan, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Arun S Shet
PEDIATRICS | AMER ACAD PEDIATRICS | Published : 2010
OBJECTIVE: More than 75% of Indian toddlers are anemic. Data on factors associated with anemia in India are limited. The objective of this study was to determine biological, nutritional, and socioeconomic risk factors for anemia in this vulnerable age group. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children aged 12 to 23 months in 2 rural districts of Karnataka, India. Children were excluded if they were unwell or had received a blood transfusion. Hemoglobin, ferritin, folate, vitamin B(12), retinol-binding protein, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined. Children were also tested for hemoglobinopathy, malaria infection, and hookworm infestation. Anthropometric measureme..View full abstract
This study was supported by grant funding from the Allen Foundation, Michigan (to Dr Shet) and funds from the Fred P. Archer Charitable Trust, Victoria, Australia, and the Melbourne Research Scholarship, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (to Dr Pasricha).