Journal article

Imaging renal cell carcinoma with ultrasonography, CT and MRI

Michael J Leveridge, Peter J Bostrom, George Koulouris, Antonio Finelli, Nathan Lawrentschuk

NATURE REVIEWS UROLOGY | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2010

Abstract

The increased use of abdominal imaging techniques for a variety of indications has contributed to more-frequent detection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Ultrasonography has been used to characterize the solid versus cystic nature of renal masses. This modality has limitations, however, in further characterization of solid tumors and in staging of malignancy, although contrast-enhanced ultrasonography has shown promise. Cross-sectional imaging with multiplanar reconstruction capability via CT or MRI has become the standard-bearer in the diagnosis, staging and surveillance of renal cancers. The use of specific protocols and the exploitation of different imaging characteristics of RCC subtypes,..

View full abstract