Journal article

The Pathophysiological Role of PEDF in Bone Diseases

ML Broadhead, T Akiyama, PFM Choong, CR Dass

CURRENT MOLECULAR MEDICINE | BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL LTD | Published : 2010

Abstract

First discovered in 1991 as a factor secreted by retinal pigment epithelial cells, the potency of pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) as an anti-angiogenic has led to examination of its role in active bone growth, repair and remodelling. In the musculoskeletal system, PEDF expression occurs particularly at sites of active bone formation. Expression has been noted in osteoblasts and to a lesser degree osteoclasts, the major classes of bone cells. In fact, PEDF is capable of inducing differentiation of precursor cells into mature osteoblasts. Expression and localisation are closely linked with that of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Studies at the epiphyseal plate have revealed..

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