Journal article

Intestinal Dendritic Cells: Their Role in Bacterial Recognition, Lymphocyte Homing, and Intestinal Inflammation

SC Ng, MA Kamm, AJ Stagg, SC Knight

INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2010

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in discriminating between commensal microorganisms and potentially harmful pathogens and in maintaining the balance between tolerance and active immunity. The regulatory role of DC is of particular importance in the gut where the immune system lies in intimate contact with the highly antigenic external environment. Intestinal DC constantly survey the luminal microenvironment. They act as sentinels, acquiring antigens in peripheral tissues before migrating to secondary lymphoid organs to activate naive T cells. They are also sensors, responding to a spectrum of environmental cues by extensive differentiation or maturation. Recent studies have begun to elu..

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