Journal article

On the reactivity of methylbenzenes

Gabriel da Silva, Joseph W Bozzelli

COMBUSTION AND FLAME | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2010

Abstract

Alkylated aromatic hydrocarbons, including the methylbenzenes, are a major and growing component of liquid transportation fuels. Reactivity (or lack thereof) for the methylbenzenes in combustion systems, measured by octane rating, ignition delay, and laminar flame speed, varies widely with the number and position of methyl substituents. At present this behaviour is not fully understood. This study demonstrates how the low temperature and ignition reactivity of methylbenzenes is controlled by the presence of isolated methyl groups and adjacent methyl pairs (the ortho effect); this allows for the development of octane number correlations. Introduction of an isolated methyl group, adjacent only..

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University of Melbourne Researchers