Extreme cost of male riding behaviour for juvenile females of the Zeus bug
Theresa M Jones, Mark A Elgar, Goran Arnqvist
Animal Behaviour | ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2010
Precopulatory male mate guarding is predicted to occur close to the female's fertile period. However, in many species mate guarding commences when females are juveniles and may be several moults from sexual maturity. Such behaviour is inconsistent with the above prediction. In the Zeus bug, Phoreticovelia disparata, sexual size dimorphism is very pronounced and adult males commence riding on the backs of juvenile fourth-instar females. Males derive direct benefits from this association but the fitness consequences of precopulatory male riding behaviour for females are unknown. We investigated the effect of male presence during juvenile development for female Zeus bugs. We found a dramatic co..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
We thank Michael Magrath for commenting on the manuscript. T.M.J. was funded by an Australian Research Council grant (DP0558265) and G. A. by the Swedish Research Council.