Journal article

The C-terminal flanking peptide (CTFP) of progastrin inhibits apoptosis via a PI3-kinase-dependent pathway

Oneel Patel, Kathryn M Marshall, Gianni Bramante, Graham S Baldwin, Arthur Shulkes

REGULATORY PEPTIDES | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2010

Abstract

Progastrin is processed to a number of peptides including glycine-extended gastrin, amidated gastrin and the C-terminal flanking peptide (CTFP). Progastrin and gastrin-gly are pro-proliferative and anti-apoptotic in gastric and colorectal cancer cell lines. The CTFP is a major form of progastrin in the stomach and colon and stimulates proliferation. However the effect of CTFP on apoptosis has not been examined. Using the human gastric carcinoma cell line AGS we show that CTFP attenuates apoptosis through a PI3-kinase pathway by stimulating the phosphorylation of Akt leading to sustained increases in the concentrations of Bcl-xL and phosphorylated Bad protein and by reducing caspase 3 activit..

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