Journal article

Patient outcomes in historical comparators compared with randomised-controlled trials

M Ali, E Juettler, KR Lees, W Hacke, J Diedler

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STROKE | WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC | Published : 2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Decompressive hemicraniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery infarction has long been controversial. Recently, data from randomised-controlled trials have shown that the procedure is life-saving and improves outcome. However, these randomised-controlled trials were difficult to conduct, because of ethical considerations due to high mortality in control groups. While the use of historical comparators may not be ideal for phase III efficacy trials, these data may be useful to inform the selection of trial populations. We sought to replicate the findings of the DESTINY trial of decompressive surgery in malignant middle cerebral artery infarction using the Virtual International..

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