Journal article

Oral Fingolimod or Intramuscular Interferon for Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

Jeffrey A Cohen, Frederik Barkhof, Giancarlo Comi, Hans-Peter Hartung, Bhupendra O Khatri, Xavier Montalban, Jean Pelletier, Ruggero Capra, Paolo Gallo, Guillermo Izquierdo, Klaus Tiel-Wilck, Ana de Vera, James Jin, Tracy Stites, Stacy Wu, Shreeram Aradhye, Ludwig Kappos

New England Journal of Medicine | MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOC | Published : 2010

Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

Supported by Novartis Pharma.Presented in part at the annual meetings of the American Academy of Neurology, Seattle, in April 2009, and of the European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis, Dusseldorf, Germany, in September 2009.Dr. Cohen reports receiving consulting fees from Biogen Idec, Novartis, EMD Serono, and Teva, lecture fees from Sanofi-Aventis and Waterfront Media, and research support from Genzyme, Novartis, and Teva; Dr. Barkhof, receiving consulting fees from Bayer Schering, Serono, Sanofi-Aventis, AstraZeneca, Genentech, Novartis, Biogen Idec, Lundbeck, Talecris, Roche, Wyeth, and MediciNova and lecture fees from Bayer Schering and Serono; Dr. Comi, receiving consulting fees from Merck Serono, Novartis, Sanofi-Aventis, and Teva and lecture fees from Bayer, Biogen-Dompe, Novartis, Merck Serono, Sanofi-Aventis, and Teva; Dr. Hartung, receiving consulting and lecture fees from Bayer Schering, Biogen Idec, Merck Serono, and Teva, consulting fees from Novartis, and grant support from Biogen Idec and Bayer Schering; Dr. Khatri, receiving consulting fees from Bayer, Biogen Idec, Medtronics, Pfizer, Teva, and Serono and lecture fees from Bayer, Biogen Idec, and Serono; Dr. Montalban, receiving consulting and lecture fees from Bayer Schering, Biogen Idec, Novartis, Sanofi-Aventis, and Teva; Dr. Pelletier, receiving consulting and lecture fees from Bayer Schering Pharma, Biogen Idec, Merck Serono, Novartis, and Sanofi-Aventis and grant support from Bayer and Sanofi-Aventis; Dr. Capra, receiving consulting fees from Novartis and lecture fees from Bayer, Biogen Dompe, and Sanofi-Aventis; Dr. Gallo, receiving lecture fees from Biogen Dompe, Merck Serono, and Bayer Schering and grant support from Biogen, Sanofi-Aventis, and Merck Serono; Dr. Izquierdo, receiving consulting fees from Biogen Idec, Merck Serono, Novartis, and Teva and lecture fees from Biogen and Merck Serono; Dr. Tiel-Wilck, receiving consulting fees from Novartis and lecture fees from Bayer Healthcare, Biogen Idec, Sanofi-Aventis, and Teva; Dr. de Vera, being an employee of Novartis Pharma; Drs. Jin, Stites, Wu, and Aradhye, being employees of Novartis Pharmaceuticals; and Dr. Kappos, serving as a consultant or a member or chair of a steering committee, data and safety monitoring board, or advisory board in clinical trials sponsored by Accorda, Actelion, Allergan, Allozyne, Bayer Schering, Biogen Idec, Biogen-Dompe, Boehringer Ingelheim, Genmab, GlaxoSmithKline, MediciNova, Merck Serono, Novartis, Roche, Sanofi-Aventis, Santhera, Teva Pharmaceuticals, UCB Pharma, and Wyeth, receiving lecture fees from Biogen Idec, Helvea, GlaxoSmithKline, Mediservice and Merck Serono, and receiving grant support from Bayer Schering, Biogen Idec, CSL Behring, Genmab, Genzyme, GlaxoSmithKline, MediciNova, Merck Serono, Novartis, Novartis Foundation, Roche, Santhera, Sanofi-Aventis, and UCB Pharma. No other potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.We thank Dave Anderson of Novartis Pharmaceuticals and Tom Potter and Rowena Hughes of Oxford PharmaGenesis for their editorial assistance.