Journal article

Executive functions in recently postmenopausal women: Absence of strong association with serum gonadal steroids

Joanne Ryan, Frank Z Stanczyk, Lorraine Dennerstein, Wendy J Mack, Margaret S Clark, Cassandra Szoeke, Victor W Henderson

BRAIN RESEARCH | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2011

Abstract

It is controversial to what extent endogenous gonadal hormone exposures influence executive functions in midlife women. Participants in the population-based Melbourne Women's Midlife Health Project were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests on two occasions 2 years apart. Tests of executive functions were the Trail Making Test (Part B), Tower of London (administered at baseline only), Symbol Digit Modalities Test, Digit Span Backward, and Letter-Number Sequencing. Estrone, free estradiol, and free testosterone levels were measured at the time of the first testing, and analyses were restricted to 147 women aged 56-64 years who had recently undergone natural menopause (mean age of..

View full abstract