Journal article

The Impact of School Tobacco Policies on Student Smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia

Tracy J Evans-Whipp, Lyndal Bond, Obioha C Ukoumunne, John W Toumbourou, Richard F Catalano

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH | MDPI | Published : 2010

Abstract

This paper measures tobacco policies in statewide representative samples of secondary and mixed schools in Victoria, Australia and Washington, US (N = 3,466 students from 285 schools) and tests their association with student smoking. Results from confounder-adjusted random effects (multi-level) regression models revealed that the odds of student perception of peer smoking on school grounds are decreased in schools that have strict enforcement of policy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009). There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smok..

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Grants

Awarded by National Institute on Drug Abuse


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Awarded by EUNICE KENNEDY SHRIVER NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CHILD HEALTH & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT


Awarded by NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DRUG ABUSE


Funding Acknowledgements

The writing of the manuscript was supported by grant # DA012140-05 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and grant # 491241 from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. The postdoctoral position of Obi Ukoumunne is funded by NHMRC Population Health Capacity Building Grant (# 436914). John W. Toumbourou is supported by a VicHealth Senior Research Fellowship. The content of this paper is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies. The authors would like to thank the young people, parents and school personnel involved in the IYDS for their cooperation, without which this research would not have been possible. We would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers of an earlier version of this paper for their helpful comments.