Journal article

Alternative Methods for Assessing Mediation in Multilevel Data: The Advantages of Multilevel SEM

Kristopher J Preacher, Zhen Zhang, Michael J Zyphur

Structural Equation Modeling | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2011

Abstract

Multilevel modeling (MLM) is a popular way of assessing mediation effects with clustered data. Two important limitations of this approach have been identified in prior research and a theoretical rationale has been provided for why multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) should be preferred. However, to date, no empirical evidence of MSEM's advantages relative to MLM approaches for multilevel mediation analysis has been provided. Nor has it been demonstrated that MSEM performs adequately for mediation analysis in an absolute sense. This study addresses these gaps and finds that the MSEM method outperforms 2 MLM-based techniques in 2-level models in terms of bias and confidence interval..

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University of Melbourne Researchers