Journal article

Retinopathy Signs in People without Diabetes The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Elvis Ojaimi, Thanh T Nguyen, Ronald Klein, FM Amirul Islam, Mary Frances Cotch, Barbara EK Klein, Jie-Jin Wang, Tien Yin Wong

OPHTHALMOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2011

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of retinopathy and associations with cardiovascular risk factors in persons without diabetes in 4 racial/ethnic groups (white, black, Hispanic, and Chinese). DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: We included 6176 subjects aged 45-84 years without diabetes, selected from 6 United States communities. METHODS: Fundus images were taken using 45° digital camera through dark-adapted pupils and were graded for retinopathy as defined by the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study severity scale: microaneurysms, hemorrhages, cotton wool spots, intraretinal microvascular abnormalities, hard exudates, venous beading, and new vessels. MAI..

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Grants

Awarded by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


Awarded by National Institutes of Health


Awarded by DIVISION OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL APPLICATIONS


Awarded by NATIONAL EYE INSTITUTE


Awarded by NATIONAL HEART, LUNG, AND BLOOD INSTITUTE


Funding Acknowledgements

Supported by contracts N01-HC-95159 through N01-HC-95169 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Additional support was provided by National Institutes of Health grants HL69979-03 (Klein R and Wong TY). The funding agencies had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.