Journal article

Copper Promotes the Trafficking of the Amyloid Precursor Protein

Karla M Acevedo, Ya Hui Hung, Andrew H Dalziel, Qiao-Xin Li, Katrina Laughton, Krutika Wikhe, Alan Rembach, Blaine Roberts, Colin L Masters, Ashley I Bush, James Camakaris

JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY | AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC | Published : 2011

Abstract

Accumulation of the amyloid β peptide in the cortical and hippocampal regions of the brain is a major pathological feature of Alzheimer disease. Amyloid β peptide is generated from the sequential protease cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). We reported previously that copper increases the level of APP at the cell surface. Here we report that copper, but not iron or zinc, promotes APP trafficking in cultured polarized epithelial cells and neuronal cells. In SH-SY5Y neuronal cells and primary cortical neurons, copper promoted a redistribution of APP from a perinuclear localization to a wider distribution, including neurites. Importantly, a change in APP localization was not attrib..

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