Identification of 'carbon hot-spots' and quantification of GHG intensities in the biodiesel supply chain using hybrid LCA and structural path analysis
A Acquaye, T Wiedmann, K Feng, RH Crawford, J Barrett, J Kuylenstierna, A Duffy, S Koh, S McQueen-Mason
Environmental Science & Technology | ACS Publications | Published : 2011
It is expected that biodiesel production in the EU will remain the dominant contributor as part of a 10% minimum binding target for biofuel in transportation fuel by 2020 within the 20% renewable energy target in the overall EU energy mix. Life cycle assessments (LCA) of biodiesel to evaluate its environmental impacts have, however, remained questionable, mainly because of the adoption of a traditional process analysis approach resulting in system boundary truncation and because of issues regarding the impacts of land use change and N(2)O emissions from fertilizer application. In this study, a hybrid LCA methodology is used to evaluate the life cycle CO(2) equivalent emissions of rape methyl..View full abstract
Awarded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Centre for Low Carbon Future (CLCF), York, UK. The structural path analysis was performed by using the Triple Bottom Line tool developed by the Centre for Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA) at the University of Sydney and supplied in the UK by the Centre for Sustainability Accounting (CenSA), York, UK (http://www.bottomline3.co.uk).