Journal article

The extended catalysis of glutathione transferase

Raffaele Fabrini, Alessio Bocedi, Kutayba F Dawood, Paola Turella, Lorenzo Stella, Michael W Parker, Jens Z Pedersen, Giorgio Federici, Giovanni Antonini, Giorgio Ricci

FEBS LETTERS | WILEY | Published : 2011

Abstract

Glutathione transferase reaches 0.5-0.8 mM concentration in the cell so it works in vivo under the unusual conditions of, [S]≪[E]. As glutathione transferase lowers the pK(a) of glutathione (GSH) bound to the active site, it increases the cytosolic concentration of deprotonated GSH about five times and speeds its conjugation with toxic compounds that are non-typical substrates of this enzyme. This acceleration becomes more efficient in case of GSH depletion and/or cell acidification. Interestingly, the enzymatic conjugation of GSH to these toxic compounds does not require the assumption of a substrate-enzyme complex; it can be explained by a simple bimolecular collision between enzyme and su..

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