Journal article

The density and spatial distribution of GABAergic neurons, labelled using calcium binding proteins, in the anterior cingulate cortex in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia

D Cotter, S Landau, C Beasley, R Stevenson, G Chana, L MacMillan, I Everall

Biological Psychiatry | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2002

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence for the presence of a deficit in cortical gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission in schizophrenia. In this investigation we have used the calcium binding proteins (CBPs) parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), and calbindin-D28K (CB) as markers of these neuronal populations, and have characterized their pattern and density in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (BPD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We examined the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in four groups of 15 brains each from subjects with schizophrenia, MDD, and BPD, and from control subjects. Using immunocytochemistry to identify these distinct neuronal populations, we quantified ..

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