Journal article

Two-year course of cognitive function and mood in adults with congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease: the Heart-Mind Study

Osvaldo P Almeida, Christopher Beer, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Leonard Arnolda, Helman Alfonso, Leon Flicker

International Psychogeriatrics | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2012


BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure (CHF) has been associated with impaired cognitive function, but it is unclear if these changes are specific to CHF and if they get worse with time. We designed this study to determine if adults with CHF show evidence of cognitive decline compared with adults with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out of 77 adults with CHF (ejection fraction, EF 0.6, and 81 controls with no history of CAD. The Cambridge Cognitive Examination of the Elderly (CAMCOG) was the primary outcome measure. Secondary measures included the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT), digit coding and copying, Hospital Anxiety and Depress..

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