The Association Between Habitual Diet Quality and the Common Mental Disorders in Community-Dwelling Adults: The Hordaland Health Study
Felice N Jacka, Arnstein Mykletun, Michael Berk, Ingvar Bjelland, Grethe S Tell
Psychosomatic Medicine | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2011
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests a role for diet quality in the common mental disorders depression and anxiety. We aimed to investigate the association between diet quality, dietary patterns, and the common mental disorders in Norwegian adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 5731 population-based men and women aged 46 to 49 and 70 to 74 years. Habitual diet was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire, and mental health was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. RESULTS: After adjustments for variables including age, education, income, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption, an a priori healthy diet quality score was inversely r..View full abstract
The Hordaland Health Study was conducted from 1997 to 1999 as a collaboration among the National Health Screening Service, the University of Bergen in Norway, the University of Oslo in Norway, and local health services in the Bergen region. F.J. is funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship. A. M. is funded by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.