Journal article

Vision-Threatening Retinal Abnormalities in Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 3 to 5

Rajeev Deva, Mohamad Afzal Alias, Deb Colville, Foong Kien Newk-Fon Hey Tow, Qi Lun Ooi, Sky Chew, Nor Mohamad, Anastasia Hutchinson, Ignatios Koukouras, David A Power, Judith Savige

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | AMER SOC NEPHROLOGY | Published : 2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Retinal abnormalities are common in inherited and acquired renal disease. This study determined the prevalence of retinal abnormalities in chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 to 5. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: One hundred fifty patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 and 150 age- and gender-matched hospital patients with CKD stages 1 to 2 underwent bilateral retinal photography. These images were reviewed for incidental abnormalities, microvascular (Wong and Mitchell classification) and diabetic retinopathy (Airlie House criteria), and macular degeneration (Seddon classification). RESULTS: Three (2%) patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 had retinal features ..

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