Journal article

What is the appropriate age range of individuals to be included in a survey to estimate the prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis?

Karimurio Jefitha, Rono Hillary, Richard Le Mesurier, Mutuku Mwanthi, Jill Keeffe

BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY | B M J PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2011

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A survey to determine the prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) requires a large sample size and the recommended participant age is ≥15 years. This study sought to establish the appropriate age range of individuals to be included in TT surveys. METHODS: Data from six previous surveys of adults ≥15 years old were reanalysed. RESULTS: Reanalysis indicated that 69.6-93.3% (average 87.0%) of untreated TT occurred in those aged 40+ years and 52.2-86.7% (average 73.1%) in those aged 50+ years (age ≥50 years is used in rapid assessment of avoidable blindness). Age ≥40 years was adopted in a TT survey conducted in Turkana district because it allowed a smaller sample size than age ..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the Government of Kenya, the European Union, volunteer ophthalmologists from Spain, local communities and community-based organisations.