Journal article

Development of an In Vitro Model to Evaluate the Regenerative Capacity of Adult Brain-Derived Tyrosine Hydroxylase-Expressing Dopaminergic Neurons

Shohreh Majd, Arthur Smardencas, Clare L Parish, John Drago

NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH | SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS | Published : 2011

Abstract

The loss of nigral dopaminergic (DA) neurons is the disease-defining pathological change responsible for progressive motor dysfunction in Parkinson's disease. In this study, we sought to establish a culture method for adult rat tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive DA neurons. In this context, we investigated the role of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), transforming growth factor-β3 (TGF-β3), glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and dibutyryl-cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) in these cultures. Culturing in the presence of FGF2, BDNF and GDNF enhanced the survival of DA neurons by 15-fold and promoted neurite growth. In contrast, dbcAMP promoted neurite g..

View full abstract