Journal article

The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors on body mass index. Results from RESIDE

Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti, Matthew Knuiman, Anna Timperio, Sarah Foster



OBJECTIVE: To examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population. METHOD: Using data from 2003 to 2005 on 1151 participants in the RESIDential Environments project (RESIDE), Perth, Western Australia, linear regression was used to construct multivariate models to examine the variance in BMI explained by significant socio-demographic, environmental and health behavior variables. Both self-report and GIS-derived measures of the built environment were examined. RESULTS: Age, gender, hours of work, total physical activity, sedentary leisure time and dietary fat were all associated with BMI (p≤0.05). BMI was not as..

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Awarded by Western Australian Health Promotion Foundation (Healthway)

Awarded by Australian Research Council (ARC)

Awarded by NHMRC Population Health

Awarded by NHMRC

Awarded by VicHealth

Funding Acknowledgements

This research was funded by a Western Australian Health Promotion Foundation (Healthway) (#11828) and an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage grant (#LPO455453). The Western Australian Land Information Authority (C) 2003), Western Australian Department of Planning and Sensis Pty Ltd provided spatial data for the objective built environment measures. Hayley Christian and Sarah Foster are supported by an NHMRC Population Health Capacity Building Grant (#458668), Billie Giles-Corti is supported by anNHMRC Principal Research Fellowship (#1004900), Anna Timperio is supported by a Public Health Research Fellowship from VicHealth (#2004 0536). The authors acknowledge Dr. Kimberly Van Niel, Mr. Nicholas Middleton and Ms. Bridget Beesley for developing GIS measures for RESIDE, Ms. Rosanne Barnes for her assistance with data entry and referencing, and Ms. Lisa Bayly for administrative assistance.