Journal article

Initial loss of cyanide, thiocyanate, and thiosulfate adjuvants following amendment to an oxidic gold ore

Stephen D Ebbs, Spas D Kolev, Robert CR Piccinin, Ian E Woodrow, Alan JM Baker

MINERALS ENGINEERING | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2011

Abstract

Gold extraction and gold phytomining involve the use of adjuvants such as cyanide, thiocyanate, or thiosulfate to facilitate the dissolution of gold and its subsequent recovery. The adjuvants can be applied at high rates, in excess of 1 kg t-1 for some ores. At these concentrations, concerns have been expressed about adjuvant persistence and associated detrimental repercussions for the environment. The incubation study here examined the initial disappearance of these adjuvants in the dark following their amendment at 1 g kg-1 gold ore. Over a 24 d period, nearly 75% of the initial thiocyanate was lost within 24 d while >50% of thiosulfate and cyanide was lost over the same time frame. Cyanid..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Stawell Gold Mine (Northgate Corp.) for the provision of crushed ore materials from its Davis Stockpile. This research was supported by a Collaborative Research Grant from the University of Melbourne.