Journal article

Retinal ganglion cell death is induced by microglia derived pro-inflammatory cytokines in the hypoxic neonatal retina

Viswanathan Sivakumar, Wallace S Foulds, Chi D Luu, Eng-Ang Ling, Charanjit Kaur

Journal of Pathology | WILEY | Published : 2011

Abstract

Hypoxic injury, including that resulting in the retinopathy of prematurity, may induce retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in the neonatal retina. We hypothesized that this may be mediated by excess production of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) by microglia. One-day-old Wistar rats were subjected to hypoxia for 2 h and the expression of TNF-α and IL-1β and their receptors was determined in the retina. The mRNA and protein expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, TNF-receptor 1 (TNF-R(1)), and IL-1 receptor 1 (IL-1R(1)) and the tissue concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β were up-regulated significantly after the hypoxic exposure. TNF-α and IL-1β immunoreactivity was localized in micr..

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