Assessing the benefits and risks of translocations in changing environments: a genetic perspective
Andrew R Weeks, Carla M Sgro, Andrew G Young, Richard Frankham, Nicki J Mitchell, Kim A Miller, Margaret Byrne, David J Coates, Mark DB Eldridge, Paul Sunnucks, Martin F Breed, Elizabeth A James, Ary A Hoffmann
Evolutionary Applications: evolutionary approaches to environmental, biomedical and socio-economic issues | WILEY | Published : 2011
Translocations are being increasingly proposed as a way of conserving biodiversity, particularly in the management of threatened and keystone species, with the aims of maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function under the combined pressures of habitat fragmentation and climate change. Evolutionary genetic considerations should be an important part of translocation strategies, but there is often confusion about concepts and goals. Here, we provide a classification of translocations based on specific genetic goals for both threatened species and ecological restoration, separating targets based on 'genetic rescue' of current population fitness from those focused on maintaining adaptive pote..View full abstract
The authors thank the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility for providing funding for a workshop on 'genetic translocations and climate change', where the above ideas were synthesized and developed. ARW and AAH conducted this work while funded by the Australian Research Council via a Research Fellowship and Laureate Fellowship, respectively.