Journal article

Mesenchymal Activin-A Overcomes Defective Human Trisomy 21 Trophoblast Fusion

Pascale Gerbaud, Guillaume Pidoux, Jean Guibourdenche, Niroshani Pathirage, Jean Marc Costa, Josette Badet, Jean-Louis Frendo, Padma Murthi, Daniele Evain-Brion

ENDOCRINOLOGY | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2011

Abstract

Placental development is markedly abnormal in trisomy 21 (T21) pregnancies. We hypothesized that abnormal paracrine cross talk between the fetal mesenchymal core and the trophoblast might be involved in the defect of syncytiotrophoblast formation and function. In a large series of primary cultured human cytotrophoblasts isolated from second-trimester control (n = 44) and T21 placentae (n = 71), abnormal trophoblast fusion and differentiation was observed in more than 90% of T21 cases. We then isolated and cultured villous mesenchymal cells from control (n = 10) and T21 placentae (n = 8) and confirmed their fetal origin. Conditioned medium of control mesenchymal cells overcame the abnormal tr..

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