Increased Inflammatory Cytokine Expression in the Vastus Lateralis of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis
Itamar Levinger, Pazit Levinger, Marissa K Trenerry, Julian A Feller, John R Bartlett, Neil Bergman, Michael J McKenna, David Cameron-Smith
Arthritis and Rheumatism | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2011
OBJECTIVE: Increased inflammation and pain are inseparable parts of knee osteoarthritis (OA) that may lead to disuse of the affected limb. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of knee OA on inflammation- and atrophy-related genes and proteins in the vastus lateralis muscle of patients with knee OA. METHODS: Nineteen patients with knee OA and 14 asymptomatic control subjects matched for age and body mass index underwent strength measurements and a muscle biopsy. Muscle was analyzed for the total cellular protein of inflammatory kinases (p65 NF-κB, JNK1/2, STAT-3, and suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 [SOCS-3]) and inflammatory intracellular molecules (interleukin-6 [IL-6], IL-8, ..View full abstract
Supported in part by the L. E. W. Carty Charitable Fund, Australia.