Journal article

Gender Identity and Agency in Migration Decision-Making: Evidence from Vietnam

LA Hoang

Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies | Taylor & Francis (Routledge) | Published : 2011


This paper examines the influences of gender as an identity on an individual's ability to exercise agency in decision-making about internal migration in Vietnam. Women and men exert agency with reference to prevailing social norms in order to negotiate for or against their own migration and that of others. It has been well recognised that, beyond sex, their specific gender identity as mothers or fathers, daughters or sons, husbands or wives, etc. impacts on who can migrate for what kind of work. However, this study explores the more neglected ways in which gender structures migration. While my findings show that decision-making about migration was overwhelmingly consensual in nature, this di..

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University of Melbourne Researchers