Immunological and toxinological responses to jellyfish stings.
James Tibballs, Angel A Yanagihara, Helen C Turner, Ken Winkel
Inflammation & Allergy - Drug Targets | Published : 2011
Just over a century ago, animal responses to injections of jellyfish extracts unveiled the phenomenon of anaphylaxis. Yet, until very recently, understanding of jellyfish sting toxicity has remained limited. Upon contact, jellyfish stinging cells discharge complex venoms, through thousands of barbed tubules, into the skin resulting in painful and, potentially, lethal envenomations. This review examines the immunological and toxinological responses to stings by prominent species of jellyfish including Physalia sp (Portuguese Man-o-War, Blue-bottle), Cubozoan jellyfish including Chironex fleckeri, several Carybdeids including Carybdea arborifera and Alatina moseri, Linuche unguiculta (Thimble ..View full abstract
Awarded by NIDA NIH HHS
Awarded by NIMHD NIH HHS
Awarded by NCRR NIH HHS