Journal article

Evaporative concentration of skimmed milk: Effect on casein micelle hydration, composition, and size

Dylan Z Liu, David E Dunstan, Gregory JO Martin

FOOD CHEMISTRY | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2012

Abstract

Understanding the effect of evaporative concentration on casein micelle composition is of high importance for milk processing. Alterations to the hydration, composition and size of casein micelles were investigated in skimmed milk evaporated to concentrations of 12-45% total solids content. The size of casein micelles was determined by dynamic light scattering, and the water content and composition determined by analysis of supernatants and pellets obtained by ultracentrifugation. The mass balance and hydration results showed that during the evaporation process, while micelles were dehydrated, water was removed preferentially from the serum. The amount of soluble casein and calcium in the se..

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