Journal article

Clozapine induction of ERK1/2 cell signalling via the EGF receptor in mouse prefrontal cortex and striatum is distinct from other antipsychotic drugs

Avril Pereira, Anthony Sugiharto-Winarno, Betty Zhang, Peter Malcolm, George Fink, Suresh Sundram

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2012

Abstract

Treatment resistance remains a major obstacle in schizophrenia, with antipsychotic drugs (APDs) being ineffective in about one third of cases. Poor response to standard therapy leaves the APD clozapine as the only effective treatment for many patients. The reason for the superior efficacy of clozapine is unknown, but as we have proposed previously it may involve modulation of neuroplasticity and connectivity through induction of interconnected mitogenic signalling pathways. These include the mitogen-activated protein kinase-extracellular signal regulated kinase (MAPK-ERK) cascade and epidermal growth factor (EGF)/ErbB systems. Clozapine, distinct from other APDs, induced initial inhibition a..

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