Journal article

The tumor suppressor Apc controls planar cell polarities central to gut homeostasis

Julien Bellis, Isabelle Duluc, Beatrice Romagnolo, Christine Perret, Maree C Faux, Denis Dujardin, Caroline Formstone, Sally Lightowler, Robert G Ramsay, Jean-Noel Freund, Jan R De Mey

JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY | ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS | Published : 2012

Abstract

The stem cells (SCs) at the bottom of intestinal crypts tightly contact niche-supporting cells and fuel the extraordinary tissue renewal of intestinal epithelia. Their fate is regulated stochastically by populational asymmetry, yet whether asymmetrical fate as a mode of SC division is relevant and whether the SC niche contains committed progenitors of the specialized cell types are under debate. We demonstrate spindle alignments and planar cell polarities, which form a novel functional unit that, in SCs, can yield daughter cell anisotropic movement away from niche-supporting cells. We propose that this contributes to SC homeostasis. Importantly, we demonstrate that some SC divisions are asym..

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