Journal article

Sources and dynamics of turbulence in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere: A review

RD Sharman, SB Trier, TP Lane, JD Doyle



Turbulence is a well-known hazard to aviation that is responsible for numerous injuries each year, with occasional fatalities, and is the underlying cause of many people's fear of air travel. Not only are turbulence encounters a safety issue, they also result in millions of dollars of operational costs to airlines, leading to increased costs passed on to the consumer. For these reasons, pilots, dispatchers, and air traffic controllers attempt to avoid turbulence wherever possible. Accurate forecasting of aviation-scale turbulence has been hampered in part by a lack of understanding of the underlying dynamical processes. However, more precise observations of turbulence encounters together wit..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by NOAA

Awarded by Australian Research Council Future Fellowship

Awarded by Office of Naval Research's Program Element

Awarded by Div Atmospheric & Geospace Sciences

Funding Acknowledgements

RDS and SBT were funded in part for this work by NOAA contract S4670001. TPL is supported by an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (FT0990892). JDD acknowledges support through the Office of Naval Research's Program Element 0601153N. The National Center for Atmospheric Research is sponsored by the National Science Foundation.