Journal article

HCN channelopathies: pathophysiology in genetic epilepsy and therapeutic implications

Christopher A Reid, A Marie Phillips, Steven Petrou

BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2012

Abstract

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (HCN) can act as pacemakers in the brain making them strong candidates for driving aberrant hypersynchronous network activity seen in epilepsy. Transcriptional changes in HCN channels occur in several animal models of epilepsy. However, only recently have genetic studies demonstrated sequence variation in HCN1 and HCN2 genes associated with human epilepsy. These include a triple proline deletion in HCN2 that increases channel function and occurs more often in patients with febrile seizure syndromes. Other HCNx gene variants have been described in idiopathic generalized epilepsy although the functional consequence of these remains u..

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