To TST or not to TST: Is tuberculin skin testing necessary before BCG immunisation in children?
Nicole Ritz, Marc Tebruegge, Kattia Camacho-Badilla, Gabrielle M Haeusler, Tom G Connell, Nigel Curtis
VACCINE | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2012
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is one of the most commonly administered vaccines worldwide. In countries with high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence, it is generally given shortly after birth. In a number of low TB prevalence countries, BCG is used as a travel vaccine, typically given to children outside the neonatal period prior to visiting regions where TB is common. In this setting, it is recommended that latent TB infection (LTBI) resulting from prior exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis is excluded by a tuberculin skin test (TST) before BCG immunisation. This is to avoid the risk of an accelerated local reaction that is more common in individuals who have LTBI. In addition, BCG immu..View full abstract
Awarded by National Institute for Health Research
MT was supported by a fellowship award from the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases and scholarship awards from the University of Melbourne.