Journal article

Risk factors for mycobacterium ulcerans infection, Southeastern Australia

Tricia YJ Quek, Eugene Athan, Margaret J Henry, Julie A Pasco, Jane Redden-Hoare, Andrew Hughes, Paul DR Johnson

EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES | CENTERS DISEASE CONTROL | Published : 2007

Abstract

Buruli/Bairnsdale ulcer (BU) is a severe skin and soft tissue disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. To better understand how BU is acquired, we conducted a case-control study during a sustained outbreak in temperate southeastern Australia. We recruited 49 adult patients with BU and 609 control participants from a newly recognized BU-endemic area in southeastern Australia. Participants were asked about their lifestyle and insect exposure. Odds ratios were calculated by using logistic regression and were adjusted for age and location of residence. Odds of having BU were at least halved for those who frequently used insect repellent, wore long trousers outdoors, and immediately washed minor..

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